What does a political scientist do?
Political scientists study how politics are used in governments. They study every angle of political systems and public policy including the beginning, development, and function. They conduct research on a broad range of subjects including the decisions of the United States Supreme Court, relations between the U.S. and other countries, the politics of major cities or small towns, and the institutions and political life of different countries. Political scientists also study topics such as public policy, public opinion, ideology, and political decision making. Using these topics, they examine the structure and function of governments and many other political entities. Depending on the issue, some political scientists interview public officials, analyze results from elections or other public documents, or conduct public-opinion surveys.
What kind of training does a political scientist need?
Most political scientist positions require a master or doctoral degree. Doctoral degrees are usually required for higher-level positions. Sufficient training in mathematics and statistics is also required to excel. Being competent in using computers for research purposes is also essential. Political scientists must also be up to date on the latest technology advances to improve their research and discipline. Many political scientists complete internships or other field experience opportunities.
What are the prospects for a career in political science?
Employment of political scientists is expected to grow more slowly than average for all occupations, only increasing 5% from 2006 to 2016 (1).
Many job opportunities will arise in Federal Government, research, and policy positions. The demand for political science research is increasing due to the growing interest in politics and foreign affairs such as immigration and environmental policy topics. Political scientists will use their know-how of political entities to further increase interests.
The best prospects will be for political scientists who have advanced education and extensive experience. Job opportunities will also stem from the need to replace individuals who retire or leave the field.
How much do political scientists make?
As of June 2009, political scientists will less than 1 year experience made an average of $48,454 a year. Those with 1 to 4 years experience made an average of $47,500 and those with 5 to 9 years experience made an average of $78,100 (2).
A career as a political scientist is a great choice for individuals who have a genuine interest in politics. They must have an intellection curiosity and creativity to continuously obtain information about places, people, ideas, and things. Candidates must also have excellent oral and written communication skills and be able to think methodically and logically to examine complicated issues.